Experiments and Observations Concerning Agriculture and the Weather
William Marshall (1745–1818), from farming stock, became a farmer and then estate manager and land agent after several years conducting business in the West Indies. This 1779 book (one of his earliest) describes his observations and experiments on his farm in Surrey (which he later had to give up because of his partner's bankruptcy). A description of the size, soil type and aspect of his various fields is followed by a summary of the experiments he carried out - mostly simple ones, such as comparing results if seeded fields were rolled or not. Diary records over two years for each crop are given, with areas sown, soil conditions and weather data. A chapter is devoted to weather prognostications, and another to day-to-day farm management and accounts. Marshall hoped that the systematic reporting of his findings would be of use to others, and the work provides interesting insights into the beginnings of scientifically-based agriculture.
- ISBN: 9781108075831
- Author(s): William Marshall
- Stock Code: 8075831
- Format: Paperback
- Illustrations: Black & white illustrations
- Pages: 262
- Published: 2015
Hardback £53.00Buy Now
Provides a historical account of the impact of changes in farming methods on the bird populations of British farmland over the last 250 years. Despite the scale of change in the late 18th and 19th centuries, farmland birds were little affected, with many benefiting from the appearance of extensive new resources. Comparison with modern experience show sharp differences, with changes in grassland management, in herbicide use and harvesting methods leading to a loss of diversity in farmland and consequently steep declines in bird numbers. Maps, line diagrams, tables, 352pp. 2003
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The Proceedings of the Second European Forum on Birds and Pastoralism Port Erin Isle of Man 26-30 October 1990.